Background. (Summarizing and simplifying).
Between 1462 and 1472 happens what was called the Catalan Civil War, which affected the entire Crown of Aragon. Europe left behind the darkness of the Middle Ages, and in Catalonia the merchants wanted changes to adapt to the new situation.
Leaving aside the dispute between John II of Aragon andl Charles, Prince of Viana (father and son), the underlying problem was the clash between two concepts of society, on the one hand the oligarchy (la Biga), who wanted to continue their privileges, and on the other the merchants (la Busca), who needed changes to adapt to the European currents.
Finally the oligarchy won, and Catalonia fell into centuries of darkness and mediocrity.
Between 1640 and 1652 the Reapers' War
happens in Catalonia, within what was the Thirty Years' War in Europe.
The Catalan oligarchy refuses to contribute money or troops to the Kingdom to face the war against France. Castilian and mercenary troops are sent to Catalonia because of the conflict with France. The rural population must keep the troops there displaced, which causes great discomfort. The Catalan oligarchy uses this discomfort to revolt the population against the Kingdom, but what begins as an uprising against the Kingdom ends up spreading to the Catalan oligarchy itself. The Catalan oligarchs have lost control of the situation and swear allegiance to the King of France.
Now the troops stationed in Catalonia are French and the situation for the peasants is even worse than with the troops of Castile. The Catalans, who refused to keep the army of the Kingdom, must now keep the French troops. French managers and merchants arrive from France with more privileges than the Catalans themselves. Taking advantage of the discomfort of the people of Catalonia, the Kingdom attacks and recovers the Catalan territory. Philip IV of Spain swears by the Catalan laws and the pardon to all the persecuted ones, this mean that, the Catalan oligarchy continued conserving its privileges. Meanwhile, the situation of the people of Catalonia is much worse than before the uprising.
During these events Roussillon and other possessions are lostand in favor of France. Any privilege to Roussillon is annulled and the Catalan language is replaced by French.
Between 1702 and 1715 happens the War of the Spanish Succession, which faced the future Philip V of Spain with the Archduke Charles of Austria. The Catalan oligarchy opts for the archduke, which promises to maintain its privileges.
Fortunately for the people of Catalonia, the oligarchy lost. The policy of Philip V makes the markets of the Kingdom of Castile and America open for Catalan merchants, which will lead to impressive economic growth. While the Catalan population had a vegetative growth for centuries. In the next hundred years the population of Barcelona (translation) is multiplied by three.
In the nineteenth century, Catalonia is the most prosperous region in Spain, while much of the rest remains mired in misery and backwardness. This makes the feeling of Catalan superiority and contempt, is increasing towards the rest of Spain.
Catalonia has never been anything in itself, Catalan culture has been nonexistent, or borders on absolute mediocrity. In the prosperous Catalonia of the 19th century, a movement called the Renaixença, will emerge, a political-cultural movement that tries to overcome the enormous inferiority complex that part of Catalan society feels towards the rest of Spain.
If the history and culture of Europe and the World can not be understood without Spain. The history of the World and of Europe can be perfectly understood without Catalonia. Being in the shadow of one of the greatest empires of humanity, come to less, was difficult to support for the rich and complexed Catalan society.
They begin to build the foundations of Catalanism. As the cultural history of Catalonia does not overcome mediocrity, they appropriate the cultural baggage of Valencia and the Balearic Islands, which can boast their own culture, integrating these territories into imaginary Catalan countries that never existed. And it tries to fuse the different languages spoken in these territories into one, called Catalan, until now non-existent (translation).
The economic power of Catalonia is used to impose a language, the Catalan of Barcelona, in Valencia and the Balearic Islands, which has never been characteristic of these territories. A manipulated and false historical version has been imposed to magnify Catalonia, while the own history of Valencia or the Balearic Islands is ignored or despised. And for this they have used Catalan economic power to place lackeys, in politics, education, media ... For many years they have manipulated these societies to adapt them to the interests of Catalanism.
From these pages we will try to shed light on these manipulations and falsehoods that have turned Balearic society into a society ignorant of its impressive past, obscured by so many years of indoctrination in the classrooms and in the media, at the service of Catalan interests.
Despite the fact that the Catalanists continuously shoot us with their whining about the loss of rights in 1714, the reality is quite different. If Catalonia is now, or was, the richest region of Spain, it is largely because for 2 centuries it has been growing at the expense of the rest of the country. The economic growth of Catalonia in these two centuries has a name, and this is: CUSTOMS DUTY.
In the book "The Catalan Privilege", Jesús Laíz dismantles all the Catalanist victimist discourse. (translation)
Catalonia now has a broad system of autonomous government. Among other competences, it has its own police, controls the entire education system and the health system. During these 40 years of autonomy, they have used the educational system to manipulate and indoctrinate children (video in spanish). They have used large amounts of money to build loyalty (translation) to the most important media in Catalonia. They have a television, TV3. That should be the television of all the Catalans, but that is used blatantly to promote the independence movement (translation). A television with an annual budget of more than 300 million euros and that only represents less than half of the population of Catalonia. While his health system suffers from deficiencies for years (translation), some deficiencies that have caused many people to have died due to lack of health care and due to delays in diagnostic tests.
They are the silenced deaths, they are the collateral victims of the process of independence, La Revolució dels Somriures (The Revolution of Smiles)(translation).
The process of independence in Catalonia has caused many families and friends of many years to break up(translation). A part of the Catalan society, indoctrinated and fanatized, has an alibi, and partly frightened (although this is changing), to the other part of Catalan society. We had to watch vomitive videos of propaganda and pro-independence victimhood, vomitive videos like this one. The reality is that walking with an independence flag for Catalonia is the most usual, but if you show a Spanish flag you run the risk of insults and even physical aggression.(translation)
The Catalanist regime has been very effective in internationalizing the Catalanist conflict. For which they have invested millions of euros, which should have been used to improve the quality of life of the citizens of Catalonia, but that have been used to open embassies(translation) in different countries, hire international lobbies(translation) to manipulate the public opinion of other countries. They have created internal movements that are dedicated to destabilizing Catalonia, cutting roads, making demonstrations, attacking verval and physically to any group or person that thinks different from them(translation), not letting them express their opinion ... While they are shown as victims before the opinion international public.
All this supported and financed(translation) directly or indirectly by the Government of Catalonia.
All this hatred and manipulation is what Catalonia wants to export to Valencia and the Balearic Islands.(translation)
From these pages we will try to give a very different vision of what in our politicized educational system teach our kids. We can not let this hatred and manipulation destroy our Balearic society, a Balearic society that is already in danger.
The Mozarabs of Majorca, the repopulation of Majorca or the salty article are unknowns that have not yet been clarified. In this work we will shed light on these and other topics, which more than one will surprise..
In the 10th century, Muslims conquered the Balearic Islands and will remain there for 300 years.
There is a Mozarabic footprint in Valencia with 500 years of Muslim domination and in Granada with almost 800 years, however in the Balearics they seem never to have existed. However, we will see that there were.
During the Muslim domination, in different parts of the Iberian Peninsula, there are texts in Romance language written in Arabic alphabet ( jarchas ), however in the Balearic Islands they have not been found. Or perhaps they have not sought , our University does not seem to have much interest in the Muslim period, perhaps because they could discover uncomfortable truths?
The Balearic Islands had its own Romance language before the arrival of the Muslims, which was the one they used to communicate with the King James I and the people who came with him, and here we will prove it.
In 1114 an army formed by troops from Pisa (Italy) and the County of Barcelona conquer Majorca, razing and sacking Palma (Madina Mayurka).
In 1229 James I conquers Majorca, returning to devastate and sack the city of Palma.
During these events many documents and information that could have clarified the reality of the society of the Muslim Majorca were lost.
Apocryphal means false, supposed or feigned.
I invite you to read these pages and then judge what is the apocryphal history of the Balearic Islands.
History does not go through leaps, as Catalanism wants us to believe. The Moors arrived and populated all the islands, the Catalans arrived and emptied the islands to populate them with good Catalans. This version of absurd and infantile history, is the one that we have had to listen to for so many years. Reality is more complex and much more interesting.
Catalanism has become something like a religion . A simplistic doctrine, so that the people can swallow it without problems, and those who do not believe, or are the despicable enemy (the Spanish fascists), or are straying sheep who have not yet understood the message (rednecks, ignorant), the that you have to attract the flock.
They have their own miracles, if Christianity has the miracle of loaves and fishes, Catalanism has the miracle of the Catalan repopulation . Nobody explains where many Catalans came from, but to doubt it is pure blasphemy.
The truth is that after the Christian conquest and become an independent kingdom in 1276. These islands, supposedly populated by Catalan peasants.
- Give European and world culture a unique character as Ramon Llull.
- They are one of the first Mediterranean peoples to trade with England and Flanders.
- They send several expeditions of exploration and conquest to the Canary Islands, where years later they will found the first Bishopric.
- They create one of the most important cartographic schools of that time.
- They are the first Europeans to reach the waters of the Senegal River, more than 100 years before than Portugal.
- And possibly, They were the first Europeans to circumnavigate Africa, together with the Genoese.
While Catalonia, the alleged motherland of the Balearic Islands, during this period, both culturally and scientifically, does not represent absolutely ANYTHING on the world stage, only militarily and within the Crown of Aragon may have some notoriety.
The Kingdom of Majorca could have become something like the Republic of Genoa or the Republic of Venice.
But this short period of light, ended when the legitimate king of Majorca, James III, is deposed and killed by the troops of his brother-in-law, the King of Aragon, Peter IV.
The Kingdom of Majorca becomes practically booty of war, is forced to contribute to the numerous wars of the Crown, its coffers are emptied and its fleet almost disappeared. By royal decree Balearics becomes part of Catalonia, this humiliation will last several decades.
From here begins a time of darkness and misery , which will be the seed of future peasant revolts. But this is something that catalanism does not want us to know.
Now in the schools of the Balearic Islands students are taught to ignore their own history and to despise all that is proper to the Balearic Islands, such as their own language, and everything that can differentiate them from the Catalans, anything that could endanger the construction of Great Catalonia , what they call Catalan countries . They are educating the future citizens of Greater Catalonia, a territory that will have the language of Catalonia, the history of Catalonia and that will defend the interests of Catalonia.
So in the schools of Majorca, instead of teaching the kids to be proud of being Majorcan or Balearic, reasons have plenty for it, they are said to be, "Catalans of Majorca". (translation)
In reference to the Catalanness of the Balearic Islands, many of us are the inhabitants of these islands that we realize that there are things that do not fit.
According to the official version, the Catalanist, on December 31, 1229, King James I commanding a Catalan army entered Palma (Medina Mayurca), killing thousands of Muslim Majorcans.
The Muslims who survived, fled or were captured and sold as slaves. The indigenous Muslim population had practically disappeared. And the islands were repopulated by Catalans.
However, in this last paragraph there are things that do not fit. It is as if they were trying to put a piece in a puzzle that does not fit well, to blows.
If Majorca was repopulated with Catalans and practically no Muslims remained, and the native Christians were nonexistent.
Why are the names of the towns and cities almost entirely Muslim or before them?
Why is the original codex of the "Book of Distribution" written in Arabic?
Why is the Majorcan and Menorcan regional costume so different from Catalan?
Why in the Balearic gastronomy there are dishes that do not exist in the Catalan?
Why in the language spoken by the Balearic people there are words and forms of expression that do not exist in Catalan?
The most important characteristic of the speech of the Balearic people is the salty article. In this, "la, el" is replaced by "sa, es" ("la puerta, el coche" - "sa porta, es cotxo"). The Catalanist version justifies this, saying that the Catalans who came to the Balearic Islands were originally from the Empordà, in the coast of Girona, where there is still some population nucleus that speaks in this way.
To think that the repopulators of all the islands, came in their immense majority of Catalonia, and besides a concrete zone of this, seems very improbable, and if in addition we keep in mind that at that time Catalonia was still being repopulated, and that in this area of feudal Catalonia there still existed the evil customs, with which the feudal lord prevented or hindered his servants from leaving their lands, this simply is absurd .
There is another more plausible theory , which we will explain later.
Some may think that this is unimportant details. However, in the same way as to solve a crime, it is all these details that seem unimportant, those that provide the clues that help to solve the case. From these pages we will investigate those small details, those contradictions that will help us, but to know the whole truth, if we approach as closely as possible to this one.
I hope this work is interesting for you.
I want to dedicate this work to Álvaro Santamaría , the best professor of history that the University of the Balearic Islands (UIB) has had.
At a time when Catalanism was beginning to obscure the entire Balearic educational system, Professor Santamaría knew how to keep on the sidelines and give an objective view of one of the most surprising periods in the history of the Balearic Islands.
Now, with the entire politicized and catalanized educational system, there is a lack of independent educators who dare to disagree with the unique thought. On the contrary, we have characters in our UIB who seem to profess a great love for Catalonia and Catalan, and a great disdain for Majorca and the Balearic Islands. As Professor Santamaría said in an interview: